The U.S. Occupation of Haiti: A Bibliography

U.S. Marines in occupied Haiti
U.S. Marines in occupied Haiti

July 28, 2015 marked the one-hundred year anniversary of the landing of U.S. Marines on Haitian soil. A number of organizations marked the occasion and, to conclude my own series on the U.S. occupation of Haiti, I would now like to present a bibliography of important works on that event. This list highlights not only books, dissertations, and articles that pertain to political relations between the United States and Haiti during that era but also to those that address the black intellectual response to U.S. imperialism in Haiti. It is by no means exhaustive, though. I welcome further suggestions for readings in the comments and also encourage readers to consult Haiti: Then and Now and The Haitian History Blog for additional resources about the occupation. Finally, scholars in a range of disciplines should look forward to a special issue of The Journal of Haitian Studies dedicated to the centennial of the U.S. occupation of Haiti. That issue is slated for a Fall 2015 publication.

  • Alexis, Yveline. “Nationalism & The Politics of Historical Memory: Charlemagne Peralte’s Rebellion Against U.S. Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1986.” Ph.D. dissertation., The University of Massachusetts Amherst, 2011.
  • Bellegarde-Smith, Patrick. In the Shadow of Powers: Dantés Bellegarde in Haitian Social Thought. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1985.
  • Blancpain, François. Haïti et les États-Unis: 1915-1934: Histoire d’une occupation. Paris, L’Harmattan, 1999.
  • Brissman, D’Arcy Morgan. “Interpreting American Hegemony: Civil Military Relations during the United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.” Ph.D. dissertation: Duke University, 2001.
  • Corbould, Clare. “At the Feet of Dessalines: Performing Haiti’s Revolution during the New Negro Renaissance.” In Beyond Blackface: African Americans and the Creation of American Popular Culture, 1890-1930, edited by W. Fitzhugh Brundage, 259-288. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
  • Dalleo, Raphael. “’The Independence So Hardly Won Has Been Maintained:’ C.L.R. James and the U.S. Occupation of Haiti.” Cultural Critique 87 (Spring 2014): 38-59.
  • Davidson, Matthew. “Empire and its Practitioners: Health, Development, and the U.S. Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.” M.A. thesis: Trent University, 2014.
  • Dubois, Laurent. “Occupation.” In Haiti: The Aftershocks of History. New York: Metropolitan Books, 2012.
  • Gaillard, Roger. Charlemagne Péralte le caco. Port-au-Prince: R. Gaillard, 1982.
  • Ménard, Nadève. “The Occupied Novel: The Representation of Foreigners in Haitian Novels Written During the United States Occupation, 1915-1934.” Ph.D. dissertation., University of Pennsylvania, 2002.
  • Millet, Kethly. Les paysans haïtiens et l’occupation américaine d’Haïti, 1915-1930. La Salle, Québec: Colectif Paroles, 1978.
  • Pamphile, Leon D. The NAACP and the American Occupation of Haiti. Phylon 47, no. 1 (1st Qtr., 1986): 91-100.
  • Polyné, Millery. “‘To Combine the Training of the Head and the Hands’: The 1930 Robert R. Moton Commission in Haiti.” In From Douglass to Duvalier: U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 1870-1964. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2010.
  • Plummer, Brenda Gayle. “The Afro-American Response to the Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.” Phylon 43, no. 2 (2nd Qtr., 1982): 125-143.
  • Renda, Mary. Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S. Imperialism, 1915-1940. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
  • Schmidt, Hans. The United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.2nd ed. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1995.
  • Shannon, Magdaline W. Jean Price-Mars, the Haitian Elite and the American Occupation, 1915-1935. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996.
  • Suggs, Henry Lewis. “The Response of the African American Press to the United States Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934.” The Journal of African American History 87 (Winter 2002): 70-82.
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Brandon Byrd

Brandon R. Byrd is an assistant professor of history at Vanderbilt University and working on a book manuscript entitled, An Experiment in Self-Government: Haiti in the African-American Political Imagination. Follow him on Twitter @bronaldbyrd.

Comments on “The U.S. Occupation of Haiti: A Bibliography

  • Just off the top of my head, Alan McPherson has a couple of chapters on the occupation in “The Invaded: How Latin Americans and Their Allies Fought and Ended U.S. Occupations.” (2014). There is also the chapter “Penalizing Vodou and Promoting ‘Voodoo’ in U.S.-Occupied Haiti, 1915-1935” in Kate Ramsey’s “The Spirits and the Law: Vodou and Power in Haiti” (2011).

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