#MLKsoundtrack 2016: A Civil Rights Soundtrack


It is not uncommon for AAIHS bloggers to provide syllabi of resources on a particular subject. I am diverging from that form a bit in order to submit another form of historicized data collection—that of the soundtrack. Soundtracks, whether formal or informal, have a lasting impact, as they signal significant events and moments in our lives.

There are wonderful writings out there that textually tap into the ethos of the soundtrack—those companion sounds that have transformed us. Shana Redmond’s Anthem 1 has poignantly reminded us of how sounds become sociopolitical acts that mobilize and galvanize folks of African descent. In Preaching on Wax 2 and Singing in My Soul,3 Lerone Martin and Jerma Jackson prompt us to consider how even as religious entrepreneurs, the performers and recorders of sacred sound forms are especially prevalent in our collective memories. Imani Perry’s timeless text Prophets of the Hood 4 notes the ongoing significance of hip hop’s aesthetics and calls us to consider its importance. These distinctive music forms are as much a testament of black artistry and creativity as they are part of the American mythos.5

Album cover "Black Messiah" by D'Angelo And The Vanguard. Credit: RCA
Album cover “Black Messiah” by D’Angelo And The Vanguard. Credit: RCA

Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) is also a part of that history, and I am feeling the impact of all of these music art forms—as well as the visual—as I consider his life, legacy, and significance. I do not quite know when enjoying a specific rotation of videos, talks, and songs became a part of my annual MLK tradition. I think that this ritual began when I started working at an academic institution that did not actually take the MLK holiday off, but used the day to actively program and encourage participation in community-wide activities.

I use this soundtrack as a way to remind me of how far we have come with respect to race in America, but also how much has been sacrificed for me, and by whom. Use the hashtag #MLKsoundtrack to share your own soundtrack with me (@DoctorRMB). Here is a condensed version of mine:

Stevie Wonder, “Happy Birthday” (Hotter Than July, Motown, 1980)

Martin Luther King, Jr., “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” (April 3, 1968)

Mahalia Jackson, “Take My Hand, Precious Lord” (April 9, 1968)

(Also see Aretha Franklin’s rendition from Martin Luther King, Jr.’s funeral service)

Nas, “I Can” (God’s Son, Sony, 2002)

Nina Simone, “Mississippi Goddam” (Nina Simone in Concert, Philips Records, 1964)

Talib Kweli, “Get By” (Quality, Rawkus Entertainment, 2002)*

D’Angelo & The Vanguard, “The Charade” (Black Messiah, RCA, 2014)

(See their Saturday Night Live performance, which aired on January 31, 2015)

The Boondocks, “Return of the King” (Season 2, Episode 9—Sony Pictures, 2006)

Kendrick Lamar, “Alright” (To Pimp a Butterfly, Aftermath/Interscope, 2015)*

Donny Hathaway, “To Be Young, Gifted and Black” (In Performance, Atlantic, 1980)

*Parental Advisory: Explicit Content

  1. Shana Redmond, Anthem: Social Movements and the Sound of Solidarity in the African Diaspora (New York University Press, 2013).
  2.  Lerone A. Martin, Preaching on Wax: The Phonograph and the Shaping of Modern African American Religion (New York University Press, 2014).
  3. Jerma Jackson, Singing in My Soul: Black Gospel Music in the Secular Age (University of North Carolina Press, 2004).
  4. Imani Perry, Prophets in the Hood: Politics and Poetics in Hip Hop (Duke University Press, 2004).
  5. Mellonee V. Burnim and Portia K. Maultsby, eds. African American Music; An Introduction. (2nd edition, Routledge, 2014).
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Rhon Manigault-Bryant

LeRhonda S. Manigault-Bryant is Associate Professor of Africana Studies at Williams College. She is the author of Talking to the Dead: Religion, Music, and Lived Memory among Gullah/Geechee Women (Duke University Press), and co-author of Womanist and Black Feminist Responses to Tyler Perry’s Productions (Palgrave Macmillan) with Tamura A. Lomax and Carol B. Duncan. You can find her adding colorful commentary to the digital universe via Twitter @DoctorRMB.

Comments on “#MLKsoundtrack 2016: A Civil Rights Soundtrack

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    I am familiar with some of the songs that are on your list, and then there are others that are new to me. I would also include Nina Simone’s, “I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel To Be Free,” that song and her rendition of, “To Be Young, Gifted and Black” were quite powerful during the tumultuous 60s. It is quite interesting when one thinks about how a soundtrack can define one’s history.

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    i’m wondering if you (or others) have ideas about teaching with these songs. i can only spend a day or two on the canonical CRM in my af-am II course, but it would be great if i could share something with my class that would open up conversation about the movement.

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