Richard M. Mares

Richard M. Mares is a Ph.D. candidate at Michigan State University. He is currently working on his dissertation entitled, “‘Exile is Hell’: Black Internationalism and Robert F. Williams’ Activist Network in the Cold War, 1950-1976.” This project examines the strategies used by an activist network to weather the political climate of the Cold War. Using Robert F. Williams’ life and thought as a nucleus, it explores the lived experience of a select group of African American expatriates during the 1960s and 1970s. This cohort includes Williams, his wife Mabel Robinson Williams, journalists Julian Mayfield and Richard Gibson, activists Mae Mallory and Vicki Garvin, and the civil rights attorney Conrad J. Lynn.