Upcoming Roundtables and Forums
Online Forum: “Remembering Malcolm”
February 19-25, 2017
In recognition of the 52nd anniversary of Malcolm X’s assassination, this forum brings together a diverse group of scholars to reflect on his life and legacy. Each scholar will offer insights on the lasting influence and significance of Malcolm’s ideas for current political movements in the United States and abroad.
Participants: Garrett Felber (University of Michigan); Laura Warren Hill (Bloomfield College); Alaina Morgan (New York University); Ibram X. Kendi (University of Florida); Amy Ongiri (Lawrence University); Zaheer Ali (Brooklyn Historical Society); and Russell Rickford (Cornell University)
Online Roundtable on Sowande’ Mustakeem’s Slavery at Sea: Terror, Sex, and Sickness in the Middle Passage (University of Illinois Press, 2016)
March 6-11, 2017
Moderator: Jessica Marie Johnson (Johns Hopkins University)
Participants: Doug Egerton (LeMoyne College); Marisa Fuentes (Rutgers University, New Brunswick); Jessica Millward (University of California, Irvine); Vanessa Holden (Michigan State University); Joshua D. Rothman (University of Alabama)
About the Book:
Most times left solely within the confine of plantation narratives, slavery was far from a land-based phenomenon. This book reveals for the first time how it took critical shape at sea. Expanding the gaze even more deeply, the book centers how the oceanic transport of human cargoes–infamously known as the Middle Passage–comprised a violently regulated process foundational to the institution of bondage.
Sowande’ Mustakeem’s groundbreaking study goes inside the Atlantic slave trade to explore the social conditions and human costs embedded in the world of maritime slavery. Mining ship logs, records and personal documents, Mustakeem teases out the social histories produced between those on traveling ships: slaves, captains, sailors, and surgeons. As she shows, crewmen manufactured captives through enforced dependency, relentless cycles of physical, psychological terror, and pain that led to the the making–and unmaking–of enslaved Africans held and transported onboard slave ships. Mustakeem relates how this process, and related power struggles, played out not just for adult men, but also for women, children, teens, infants, nursing mothers, the elderly, diseased, ailing, and dying. Mustakeem offers provocative new insights into how gender, health, age, illness, and medical treatment intersected with trauma and violence transformed human beings into the world’s most commercially sought commodity for over four centuries.
Online Forum: “Black Women and the Politics of Respectability”
*In collaboration with SOULS: A Critical Journal of Black Culture, Politics and Society
March 2017 (Final Dates TBA)
Cultural representations crafted by African Americans have often borne the special burden of “uplifting the race.” From antebellum print culture and early motion pictures to contemporary television and social media, images and performances of blackness are expected to conform to ideals of respectability. The politics of bourgeois respectability among African Americans are structured by class, region and color. They are profoundly gendered and focused on sexuality through tropes of chastity, self-control, and virtue. The story of respectability politics is one of community members questioning if their images are noble, articulate, polished, and intelligent enough. In other words, do certain representations make “us” look bad in front of “them”? African American creative workers who push back against these expectations are simultaneously criticized and embraced, shunned and commodified. This week-long forum, in collaboration with SOULS, interrogates the ways in which representations of African American women can be silenced–or resisted–through moral contestation and conformity in mass culture.
Moderators: Ralina Joseph (University of Washington) and Jane Rhodes (University of Illinois at Chicago)
Online Roundtable on Robyn C. Spencer’s The Revolution Has Come: Black Power, Gender, and the Black Panther Party in Oakland (Duke University Press, 2016)
*In collaboration with the Journal of Civil and Human Rights*
April 2017 (Final Dates TBA)
Moderator: Richard Mares (Michigan State University)
Participants: Quito Swan (Howard University); Mike Ezra (Sonoma State University); Tracy K’Meyer (University of Louisville); Ashley Farmer (Boston University); Ibram X. Kendi (University of Florida); and Garrett Felber (University of Michigan)
About the Book:
Gerald Horne’s Black Radical History
*An online forum exploring the myriad ways Gerald Horne’s work has advanced the fields of African American History and African Diaspora History.
April 2017 (Final Dates TBA)
Participants: Yuichiro Onishi (University of Minnesota); Jessica Marie Johnson (Johns Hopkins University); Brandon Byrd (Vanderbilt University); Charisse Burden-Stelly (University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign); Phillip Luke Sinitiere (College of Biblical Studies)
*Featuring a response by Gerald Horne (University of Houston)
Online Roundtable on Devyn Spence Benson’s Antiracism in Cuba: The Unfinished Revolution (University of North Carolina Press, 2016)
Final Dates TBA
Moderator: Greg Childs (Brandeis University)
Participants: Matt Childs (University of South Carolina); Melina Pappademos (University of Connecticut Storrs); Aisha Finch (UCLA); Ibram X. Kendi (University of Florida); Sandy Placido (Harvard University)
About the book
Analyzing the ideology and rhetoric around race in Cuba and south Florida during the early years of the Cuban revolution, Devyn Spence Benson argues that ideas, stereotypes, and discriminatory practices relating to racial difference persisted despite major efforts by the Cuban state to generate social equality. Drawing on Cuban and U.S. archival materials and face-to-face interviews, Benson examines 1960s government programs and campaigns against discrimination, showing how such programs frequently negated their efforts by reproducing racist images and idioms in revolutionary propaganda, cartoons, and school materials.
Building on nineteenth-century discourses that imagined Cuba as a raceless space, revolutionary leaders embraced a narrow definition of blackness, often seeming to suggest that Afro-Cubans had to discard their blackness to join the revolution. This was and remains a false dichotomy for many Cubans of color, Benson demonstrates. While some Afro-Cubans agreed with the revolution’s sentiments about racial transcendence–“not blacks, not whites, only Cubans”–others found ways to use state rhetoric to demand additional reforms. Still others, finding a revolution that disavowed blackness unsettling and paternalistic, fought to insert black history and African culture into revolutionary nationalisms. Despite such efforts by Afro-Cubans and radical government-sponsored integration programs, racism has persisted throughout the revolution in subtle but lasting ways.